We use Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) technology throughout our force to help detect, deter and disrupt criminal activity.
ANPR technology is used to tackle crime at a local, force, regional and national level, including tackling travelling criminals, Organised Crime Groups and terrorists.
ANPR provides lines of enquiry and evidence in the investigation of crime and is used by forces throughout England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
As a vehicle passes an ANPR camera, its registration number is read and instantly checked against database records of vehicles of interest. Police officers can intercept and stop a vehicle, check it for evidence and, where necessary, make arrests.
The use of ANPR in this way has proved to be important in the detection of many offences, including locating stolen vehicles, tackling uninsured vehicle use and uncovering cases of major crime. It also allows officers’ attention to be drawn to offending vehicles and reduces the need to stop law abiding drivers.
ANPR data from Avon and Somerset is submitted to the National ANPR Data Centre (NADC) where it is stored together with similar data from other forces for a period of two years.
We have clear rules to control access to ANPR data to ensure that access is for legitimate investigation purposes.
Staff only have access to ANPR data if it is relevant to their role and the majority of those who have permission may only do so for a maximum period of 90 days from the date it was collected.
Some staff are authorised to access data for up to two years subject to authorisation of a senior officer. After 90 days, access may only be for serious, major or counter terrorism investigations and after 12 months only for major investigations and counter terrorism purposes.
Searches of ANPR data can confirm whether vehicles associated with a known criminal have been in the area at the time of a crime and can dramatically speed up investigations.
In addition to being mounted within police vehicles, fixed location ANPR cameras are used throughout our force area to help detect, deter and disrupt criminal activity.
In line with national policy, we do not disclose details of our fixed locations as this information is likely to be of benefit to offenders and if known could reduce the value of ANPR to policing.
National guidelines state that, if we propose to install additional ANPR cameras, an assessment must be carried out to demonstrate a clear need, taking account of the following factors:
In assessing whether new cameras are to be deployed, a Privacy Impact Assessment will be undertaken. We will consult with persons and organisations with a reasonable interest in the proposal unless that would be contrary to the purpose of the development, namely to detect, deter and disrupt criminality.
We are committed to regularly reviewing the location of ANPR cameras, in the context of the above criteria, to make sure that the continued deployment remains justified.
Important: All reviews will include consideration of the impacts on privacy.
The Chief Constable is the data controller for the ANPR system operated within Avon and Somerset.